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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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German Shorthaired Pointer


German Shorthaired Pointer Facts

  • Group
  • Sporting
  • Affiliations
  • Height
  • 21" - 26"
  • Weight
  • 45-70 lbs.
  • Lifespan
  • 14 years | Add yours

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  • Exercise Requirement
  • High - This breed requires vigorous daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • Average Training Time
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Easy
  • Colors
    • White / Liver
    • Black
    • Black / White
    • Brown
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Can be trained as a watch dog or guard dog
    • Can be trained for defense
    • Good with children
    • Hunting heritage
    • Ok outdoors
    • Should sleep indoors

True Cost Of Ownership

Alternate Names

Deutscher zurzhaariger vorstehhund, GSP


The GSP originated in Germany.

Date Of Origin

This breed was recognized in the 1800's.


The GSP was developed in the nineteenth century from the German bird dog, a pointer type breed probably descended from Spanish pointers, local scenthounds, and English pointers. The breed was first developed as an all around dog that could point, trail at night, and retrieve on land or in water. The dog first arrived in the U.S. in the 1920's and quickly became popular as a hunters companion.


This is a medium to large sized, muscular, square or rectangular shaped dog that is well balanced and symmetrical. The square shaped head has drop ears and a long muzzle. It has almond shaped, amber eyes, and a brown nose. The tail is docked to about two fifths its natural length. The double coat has a short, smooth outer coat.


The German shorthaired pointer is intense and enthusiastic. It is very friendly, especially with children and hard working. It is trainable but exuberant.


The GSP is used by every type of hunter for pointing, following game, and for guarding. It is all together a dog of extraordinary hunting capability in the mountains, in the woods, in the marshes, and in all climates. It is a somewhat rustic looking dog, and although it has an outstanding temperament, it should not be considered an apartment dog. Nonetheless, it can adapt itself to most any situation as long as it has adequate space for outdoor exercise when hunting season is over.

Health Concerns

Hip dysplasia

Additional Information

This breed requires an active, breed experienced owner.

Show Sources & Contributors +


The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

Simon & Schusters Guide to Dogs

Publisher: Simon & Schuster inc, 1980

Website: http://www.simonandschuster.com

Author: Elizabeth Meriwether Schuler

The New Encyclopedia of the Dog

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2000

Website: http://www.dk.com

Author: Bruce Fogle

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