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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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German Pinscher


German Pinscher Facts

  • Group
  • Working
  • Affiliations
  • Height
  • 17" - 20"
  • Weight
  • no standard available. The weight is proportionate to the height.
  • Lifespan
  • 14 years | Add yours

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  • Exercise Requirement
  • High - This breed requires vigorous daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • Difficult to Train
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Easy
  • Colors
    • Black / Tan
    • Blue
    • Fawn
    • Red
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Hunting heritage
    • Should sleep indoors

True Cost Of Ownership

Alternate Names

Standard Pinscher, Pinscher, smooth haired pinscher


The German pinscher originated in Germany.

Date Of Origin

It is believed that this breed has been around since at least 1780.


The German pinscher is an old breed. It is a forefather of both the Doberman pinscher and the miniature pinscher. It was bred to find and kill vermin as well as to guard. The breed came close to extinction following both world wars and was rebuilt through the offspring of one dog. It continues to be used as a hunting dog today, but is usually kept as a companion.


The German pinscher is a medium size, strong, square dog. It has a long, wedge shaped head; medium size, dark eyes; and drop ears that are cropped, erect or left naturally drop. The tail is usually docked and the drop ears are either cropped erect or left natural. It has a short, smooth coat.


The German pinscher is intelligent, assertive, fearless, and sometimes manipulative. It makes a wonderful companion but can be possessive over its owner and belongings and is territorial. It is playful and exuberant well into adulthood. It is OK with older children.


The German pinscher is used as a small vermin hunter and a companion dog. Today it is mostly a companion.

Health Concerns

Eye problems, hip dysplasia.

Additional Information

This dog needs exercise, firm but gentle discipline, socialization, supervision with children and training.

Show Sources & Contributors +


The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

The New Encyclopedia of the Dog

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2000

Website: http://www.dk.com

Author: Bruce Fogle

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