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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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French Bulldog


French Bulldog Facts

  • Group
  • Non Sporting
  • Affiliations
  • Height
  • 10" - 12"
  • Weight
  • 16-28 lbs.
  • Lifespan
  • 12 years | Add yours

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  • Exercise Requirement
  • Low - This breed requires little daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • Difficult to Train
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Easy
  • Colors
    • White / Black
    • Black / Brindle
    • Red-Brindle
    • Fawn
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Adapted to city living
    • Can be trained as a watch dog or guard dog
    • Good with children
    • Should sleep indoors

True Cost Of Ownership

Alternate Names

bouledogue Francais, Boule-Dog Francais, Frenchies


The French bulldog originated in France.

Date Of Origin

This breed was developed in the 1860's.


The French bulldog was developed as a companion dog from the miniature bulldogs English lace workers brought to France brought with them when they immigrated in search of better jobs. The English dog mated with local breeds and soon became popular in fashionable circles.


The French bulldog is a muscular, compact, and heavily boned dog. Its head is large and square with an upturned nose and short, heavily wrinkled muzzle. The large, naturally erect, rounded ears are often described as bat like. The skin is soft and forms wrinkles at the head, neck, and shoulders. The tail is naturally short and can be straight or screw. The short, fine coat may be brindle, fawn, white or brindle and white.


This is an affectionate, stable and intelligent dog that can be stubborn. It gets along with most people, including strangers, children and other animals. It tends to be a one person dog.


The French bulldog is a companion dog that also makes itself useful as a guardian of the apartment. It is also a ruthless hunter of mice.

Health Concerns

Atopy, back problems, brachycephalic syndrome, elongated soft palate, heatstroke.

Additional Information

Be sure to supervise this dog around water! Also this breed should not be aloud to become fat because a swollen abdomen can impair its breathing.

Show Sources & Contributors +


The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

Simon & Schusters Guide to Dogs

Publisher: Simon & Schuster inc, 1980

Website: http://www.simonandschuster.com

Author: Elizabeth Meriwether Schuler

The New Encyclopedia of the Dog

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2000

Website: http://www.dk.com

Author: Bruce Fogle

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