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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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English Toy Spaniel


English Toy Spaniel Facts

  • Group
  • Toys
  • Affiliations
  • Height
  • 9" - 11"
  • Weight
  • 8-14 lbs.
  • Lifespan
  • 14 years | Add yours

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  • Exercise Requirement
  • Low - This breed requires little daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • Difficult to Train
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Moderate
  • Colors
    • White / Red
    • Tri-color (white/tan/black)
    • Black / Tan
    • Red
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Adapted to city living
    • Good with children
    • Should sleep indoors

True Cost Of Ownership

Alternate Names

King Charles spaniel


The English toy spaniel was developed, as we know it today, in Great Britain.

Date Of Origin

This breed originated in the 1600's.


Most experts on the English toy spaniel agree that the English toy came from Japan, as gifts for royalty. After being instantly loved by aristocrats, many began breeding it with the smallest of their spaniels. Later, the pug may have been introduced into its breeding to produce the short nose variety we are familiar with today. It is said that King Charles spent more time with his spaniels than with affairs of the state. He eventually lent his name to the breed being that he was one of their most obsessive admirers.
The breed used to be named after its four color varieties: The Blenheim is white with deep chestnut markings; the Prince Charles is black, white and tan tri-color; the King Charles is black and tan and the Ruby is a solid chestnut red.


The English toy spaniel is a small, compact, solid and square dog. It has a domed head, long drop ears, and a short, upturned nose. The round dark eyes are prominent and the muzzle is extremely short and wrinkled. The tail is docked or naturally short or screwed. The coat is medium length and silky, straight or wavy. It comes in four colors as stated above.


This is a friendly and affectionate dog. It is eager to please, intelligent, and laid back. It is friendly toward everyone, including children and other animals.


This breed is exclusively a companion dog.

Health Concerns

Cataracts, heart defects, luxating patellas, umbilical hernia.

Additional Information

The English Toy spaniel makes an ideal apartment dog.

Show Sources & Contributors +


The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

Simon & Schusters Guide to Dogs

Publisher: Simon & Schuster inc, 1980

Website: http://www.simonandschuster.com

Author: Elizabeth Meriwether Schuler

The New Encyclopedia of the Dog

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2000

Website: http://www.dk.com

Author: Bruce Fogle

The All Breed Dog Grooming Guide

Publisher: Aaronco, 2002

Website: http://www.aaroncopet.com

Author: Sam Kohl

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