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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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English Springer Spaniel


English Springer Spaniel Facts

  • Group
  • Sporting
  • Affiliations
  • Height
  • 18" - 21"
  • Weight
  • 40-50 lbs.
  • Lifespan
  • 14 years | Add yours

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  • Exercise Requirement
  • High - This breed requires vigorous daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • A Quick Learner
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Difficult
  • Colors
    • White / Black
    • White / Liver
    • Tri-color (white/tan/black)
    • Blue
    • Brown
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Hunting heritage
    • Should sleep indoors
    • Tendency to bite

True Cost Of Ownership

Alternate Names



This breed originated in Great Britain.

Date Of Origin

The English springer spaniel has been around since the 1600's but it wasn't until the late 1800's that it was separated from cockers into its own distinct breed.


The English springer spaniel is the largest of the land spaniels and is closely related to the cocker spaniel. It was bred to find, flush and retrieve game. The springer was recognized as a distinct breed in Britain in 1902. The breed was first imported to the U.S. in the 1920's and it continues to be used as a hunter, as well as a companion.


This is a medium size, muscular and compact dog with long drop ears, dark oval eyes; a liver or black nose; and a long, broad head. The medium length tail is carried horizontally. The medium length flat or wavy coat is feathered on the ears, chest, legs and belly. It may be liver and white; black and white; or liver and white with tan markings. The springer has freckles on the face and legs.


This is an outgoing and energetic dog that is enthusiastic and hard working. It is easy going and friendly and affectionate with its family. It may be to exuberant for young children.


The springer is attentive and precise in the search for game and in retrieving it. It is used over all types of terrain, especially that which is thick with brambles. A hardy, relatively long legged dog, it is more powerful and faster than the other spaniels. Its behavior as a companion is much like that of the cocker spaniel.

Health Concerns

Enzyme deficiencies, hip dysplasia, temperament problems.

Additional Information

They are one of the breeds in which rage syndrome has been recognized. It is normally reported in Cocker Spaniels, however due to the Springer's relatively recent ancestry with that breed, it is also affected. It is described as when a dog attacks suddenly, often with a glazed look and appearing to be unaware of its surroundings. It can last from a few seconds to a few minutes, with the dog immediately returning to normal after wards. There is no clear theory as to the source of rage syndrome, and treatment that works on one dog may not work on another. Cases are very rare and research is ongoing. It is only the show bred lines that seem to be affected, as there has been no reported cases in pure field-bred lines.

Show Sources & Contributors +


The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

Simon & Schusters Guide to Dogs

Publisher: Simon & Schuster inc, 1980

Website: http://www.simonandschuster.com

Author: Elizabeth Meriwether Schuler

The New Encyclopedia of the Dog

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2000

Website: http://www.dk.com

Author: Bruce Fogle

The All Breed Dog Grooming Guide

Publisher: Aaronco, 2002

Website: http://www.aaroncopet.com

Author: Sam Kohl


Publisher: WikiMedia Foundation, On Going

Website: http://en.wikipedia.org/

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