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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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Cavalier King Charles Spaniel


Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Facts

  • Group
  • Toys
  • Affiliations
  • Height
  • 12" - 13"
  • Weight
  • 13-18 lbs
  • Lifespan
  • 14 years | Add yours

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  • Exercise Requirement
  • Moderate - This breed enjoys typical daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • Difficult to Train
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Moderate
  • Colors
    • Red
    • Black / Tan
    • Tri-color (white/tan/black)
    • White / Red
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Adapted to city living
    • Good with children
    • Hunting heritage
    • Should sleep indoors

True Cost Of Ownership

Alternate Names

none known


The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel originated in Great Britain.

Date Of Origin

This breed has existed for centuries, however reference to a specific date of origin is unknown.


During the 16th century, a small type of spaniel was popular among the nobility in England. It was believed that these dogs could keep fleas away, and some even believed that they could prevent forms of stomach illnesses. These dogs were sometimes called the "Spaniel Gentle" or "Comforter", as ladies taking a carriage ride would take a spaniel on their laps to keep them warm during the winter. Charles I kept a spaniel named Rogue while residing at Carisbrooke Castle, however it is Charles II that this breed is closely associated and it was said of him that "His Majesty was seldom seen without his little dogs". There is a myth that he even issued an edict that no spaniels of this type could be denied entry to any public place.

During the reign of King William III and Queen Mary II, the long nosed style of spaniel went out of fashion. The Pug was the favoured dog at the time in the Netherlands, and with William's Dutch origin, they became popular in England too. At this time interbreeding may have occurred with the Pug, or other flat nosed breeds, as the King Charles took on some Pug-like characteristics, but in any event the modern Toy/King Charles Spaniel emerged.


The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is small, well balanced and graceful. The skull is slightly rounded but appears flat because of long, high set drop ears. The full muzzle is slightly tapered and the eyes are round,large and dark. The nose is black with large nostrils. The tail is naturally long; occasionally docked to two thirds it original length. The coat is moderately long and silky, and straight or slightly wavy, with feathering on the ears, feet, back of the legs, and tail.


This is a gentle, friendly, and affectionate dog that is easy going and gets along with almost everyone.


The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a pleasant companion dog. It has noteworthy senses of smell and vision and can be used in short hunts in open country.

Health Concerns

Allergies, hip dysplasia, luxating patellas, mitral valve disease.

Additional Information

This dog requires daily exercise and consistent grooming.

Show Sources & Contributors +



Publisher: WikiMedia Foundation, On Going

Website: http://en.wikipedia.org/

The New Encyclopedia of the Dog

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2000

Website: http://www.dk.com

Author: Bruce Fogle

Simon & Schusters Guide to Dogs

Publisher: Simon & Schuster inc, 1980

Website: http://www.simonandschuster.com

Author: Elizabeth Meriwether Schuler

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

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