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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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Caucasian Ovtcharka


Caucasian Ovtcharka Facts

  • Group
  • Working
  • Affiliations
  • Height
  • 24.5" - 25.5"
  • Weight
  • no standard available - however some say 100+ lbs is correct.
  • Lifespan
  • 10 years | Add yours

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  • Exercise Requirement
  • Low - This breed requires little daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • Difficult to Train
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Moderate
  • Colors
    • Various Colors
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Can be trained as a watch dog or guard dog
    • Ok outdoors

True Cost Of Ownership

Alternate Names

Ovtcharka, Caucation Mountain Dog, Russian Kavkazskaya ovtcharka, Nagazi, Gampr


This breed originated in Caucasian Republics, Russia.

Date Of Origin

These dogs have been around since the middle ages.


The Caucasian ovcharka is believed to have developed from Tibetan dogs who accompanied nomads who settled in the Caucasus Mountain area over two thousand years ago. Because the ovcharka was isolated from other breeds and not subject to organized breed programs, it remained a pure but primitive dog. In the twentieth century, the USSR began a rigorous breeding program in order to utilize them as guard dogs.


The Caucasian ovcharka is a very large, powerfully built dog that is slightly longer than it is tall. There is a large, broad, wedge shaped head and high set drop ears, which may be cropped. The muzzle is short and powerful, the almond eyes are deep set, and the nose is large and black. There is a double coat with a profuse ruff; it can be short medium or long.


The ocvharka is an intelligent, bold and even tempered dog. Although protective, it is calm and loyal toward family.


These dogs have been used as livestock guardians to versatile military dogs. There calm and affectionate manner makes them wonderful companions today.

Health Concerns

Hip and elbow dysplasia

Additional Information

This breed requires an owner experienced with guardian dogs in a rural home where it is provided a job.

Show Sources & Contributors +


The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

The New Encyclopedia of the Dog

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2000

Website: http://www.dk.com

Author: Bruce Fogle

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