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Canadian Eskimo Dog


Canadian Eskimo Dog Facts

  • Group
  • Working
  • Affiliations
  • Height
  • 23" - 27.5"
  • Weight
  • 60-100 lbs.
  • Lifespan
  • 12 years | Add yours

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  • Exercise Requirement
  • High - This breed requires vigorous daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • Average Training Time
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Moderate
  • Colors
    • Various Colors
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Can be trained as a watch dog or guard dog
    • Hunting heritage
    • Ok outdoors

True Cost Of Ownership

Alternate Names

Canis borealis, Qimmiq, Eskimo Dog


This breed originated in the Arctic regions of Canada.

Date Of Origin

According to most, this breed developed in 1200 A.D.


The Canadian Eskimo dog is believed to be an ancient dog that has been used by the Inuit of Canada's Arctic region for at least one thousand years. In the late nineteenth century, it became popular with western explorers. It has some close to extinction several times over the past one hundred years and continues to be rare.


The Canadian Eskimo dog is a large, powerful dog. It has a broad, wedge shaped head with small, triangular ears that are set wide apart. The muzzle tapers and its small eyes can be of any color except blue. The heavily plumed tail is curled over the back. It is double coated and can be of any color or combination of colors.


This is a playful, intelligent and energetic dog that can be stubborn. It enjoys outdoor activities and a cool climate.


These dogs were used for a multitude of activities including but not limited to pulling sleds, carrying back packs, hunting, guarding from polar bears, and as a guide and protector for western explorers.

Health Concerns

Vulnerable to transmittable diseases.

Additional Information

Although there are efforts underway to save this breed, its future is still in jeopardy.
This dog sheds a lot! Professional grooming on a regular basis and 2-3 good brushes a week will help reduce the shedding.

Show Sources & Contributors +


The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

The New Encyclopedia of the Dog

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2000

Website: http://www.dk.com

Author: Bruce Fogle

The All Breed Dog Grooming Guide

Publisher: Aaronco, 2002

Website: http://www.aaroncopet.com

Author: Sam Kohl

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