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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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Brussels Griffon


Brussels Griffon Facts

  • Group
  • Toys
  • Affiliations
  • AKC, UKC
  • Height
  • 8" - 10"
  • Weight
  • 8-12 lbs.
  • Lifespan
  • 14 years | Add yours

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  • Exercise Requirement
  • Low - This breed requires little daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • Average Training Time
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Easy
  • Colors
    • Black
    • Black / Tan
    • Red
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Can be trained as a watch dog or guard dog
    • Should sleep indoors

True Cost Of Ownership

Alternate Names

griffon Bruxellois, brabancon, Griffon Belge


This breed was named after its city of origin, Brussels, Belgium.

Date Of Origin

The exact date of this breeds origin is unknown, however it is widely believed that it developed in the mid- 1800's.


In the 1800's, a common terrier in Brussels was crossed with affenpinchers, pugs and English toy spaniels to become the Brussels griffon we know today.


The Brussels Griffon is a toy dog with a short, thick body. Its skull is large and round and its chin is under shot. It has large, black eyes that are set far apart. The eye lashes are long and black and the black and turned up nose is extremely short and set back between the eyes. The ears are naturally semi-erect, although sometimes they are cropped to a point. The tail is docked to one third its length and held high. There are two coat types: rough and smooth. The rough coat is wiry and dense, with hair covering the head and forming a fringe, especially around the eyes, nose, cheeks and chin. The smooth coat is made up of short, straight hair.


This is an intelligent, alert, jaunty dog that is full of personality. It is self-important and confident and may be challenging to train. Some do not get along well with children or strangers.


This is a companion dog that expresses its terrier temperament by hunting mice and defending the house with irrepressible barking.

Health Concerns

Brachycephalic syndrome, cleft palate, reproductive problems.

Additional Information

The breed has never been numerous or popular, but had a brief vogue in the late 1950s, and now is generally an uncommon breed. There has been a recent increase in interest in the United States due to appearance of a Griffon in the movie, As Good as It Gets, and also because of a general increase in interest in toy dogs.

Show Sources & Contributors +


The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

Simon & Schusters Guide to Dogs

Publisher: Simon & Schuster inc, 1980

Website: http://www.simonandschuster.com

Author: Elizabeth Meriwether Schuler

The New Encyclopedia of the Dog

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2000

Website: http://www.dk.com

Author: Bruce Fogle

The All Breed Dog Grooming Guide

Publisher: Aaronco, 2002

Website: http://www.aaroncopet.com

Author: Sam Kohl


Publisher: WikiMedia Foundation, On Going

Website: http://en.wikipedia.org/

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