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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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Brittany Facts

  • Group
  • Sporting
  • Affiliations
  • Height
  • 17.5" - 20.5"
  • Weight
  • 30-40 lbs.
  • Lifespan
  • 14 years | Add yours

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  • Exercise Requirement
  • High - This breed requires vigorous daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • A Quick Learner
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Moderate
  • Colors
    • White / Black
    • White / Liver
    • Tri-color (white/tan/black)
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Adapted to city living
    • Good with children
    • Hunting heritage
    • Should sleep indoors

True Cost Of Ownership

Alternate Names

Brittany Spaniel, epangneul Breton.


The Brittany originated in France.

Date Of Origin

The breed was created in the 1700's.


The origin of the Brittany spaniel is controversial. According to some, it formed autochthonously in France and is called "spaniel" not because it originated in Spain but from the verb espanir, which means to crouch or to flatten out oneself, both typical actions of this dog in the presence of game. According to another hypothesis, the Brittany spaniel may be the fruit of crossing between the orange and white setter and some not clearly identified french dog. In either case the Brittany was first shown in 1896 at a French dog show.


This medium-size, strong, leggy, and compact dog, has dark, deep set eyes and short, triangular drop ears that are set high. The nose is fawn, tan, brown, or deep pink but never black. It is naturally tailless or docked at about 4". The soft wavy coat is orange and white or liver and white. It is sometimes tri-colored but this is not preferred.


This is a good-natured and lively dog that is trainable and intelligent, exuberant and active. It is friendly and loves outdoor activities.


The Brittany is adaptable to all types of terrain: woods, plains, and hills. It is resistant to cold and damp. It is used especially for hunting woodcock, partridge and hare, and is always active, enthusiastic and untiring. It also has an outstanding instinct from retrieving from water. The Brittany spaniel has earned great popularity among millions of hunters because of its moderate size, which allows them to transport it easily. Because of its jovial character, it is also popular as a companion dog.

Health Concerns

Epilepsy, heart defects, hip and elbow dysplasia, PRA, temperament problems.

Additional Information

The first accurate records to pinpoint the actual Brittany-type dog are the paintings and tapestries of the 17th century.

Show Sources & Contributors +


The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

Simon & Schusters Guide to Dogs

Publisher: Simon & Schuster inc, 1980

Website: http://www.simonandschuster.com

Author: Elizabeth Meriwether Schuler

The New Encyclopedia of the Dog

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2000

Website: http://www.dk.com

Author: Bruce Fogle

The All Breed Dog Grooming Guide

Publisher: Aaronco, 2002

Website: http://www.aaroncopet.com

Author: Sam Kohl

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