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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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Boxer Facts

  • Group
  • Working
  • Affiliations
  • Height
  • 21" - 25"
  • Weight
  • 50-80 lbs
  • Lifespan
  • 10 years | Add yours

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  • Exercise Requirement
  • High - This breed requires vigorous daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • Average Training Time
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Easy
  • Colors
    • Brindle
    • Fawn
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Can be trained as a watch dog or guard dog
    • Can be trained for defense
    • Good with children
    • Guide dog for the blind
    • Should sleep indoors

True Cost Of Ownership

Alternate Names

none known


Although there is some controversy, it is widely believed that the Boxer originated in Germany.

Date Of Origin

This breed is believed to have originated in 1850.


There is much debate about the true origins of the boxer. One theory is that the breed was developed in 1850 in Munich by crossing the Bullenbeisser mastiff and the bulldog. Others believe that the boxer had been found in Europe since the sixteenth century and are descendants of the Tibetan fighting and cousins of the bulldogs.
Until dogfighting and bullbaiting were outlawed, the Boxer, like all dogs of his type, was used for this purpose. Flemish tapestries of the 16th and 17th centuries depict scenes of stag and boar hunting, featuring ancestors of the Boxer.


The Boxer is a medium size, compact, muscular, and squarely built dog. There is a square, blunt, bulldog like muzzle with thick upper lips, an undershot jaw, dark brown eyes, a black nose, and drop ears that can be cropped erect or left natural. It has a deep chest, compact feet, and a docked tail that is carried high. The short, smooth coat is fawn or brindle with a black mask, sometimes there are white markings.


The boxer is a fun-loving and playful dog that is extremely loyal and affectionate with family. Some may be initially weary with strangers, but are generally confident and make friends easily. The boxer is excellent with children. Some boxers suffer from nervous energy, especially during thunder storm's or loud fireworks displays.


The boxer has been used in police work, as a watchdog and bodyguard, and as a guide dog for the blind. Above all, however, it is prized as an amiable and lively companion. It is a tolerant, playful dog. It likes exercise and must be taken for long walks often.

Health Concerns

Breathing problems, cardiac problems, cancer, hip dysplasia, thyroid disease.

Additional Information

The Boxer was one of the first breeds selected in Germany for police training.

Show Sources & Contributors +


The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

Simon & Schusters Guide to Dogs

Publisher: Simon & Schuster inc, 1980

Website: http://www.simonandschuster.com

Author: Elizabeth Meriwether Schuler

The New Encyclopedia of the Dog

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2000

Website: http://www.dk.com

Author: Bruce Fogle

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