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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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Bearded Collie


Bearded Collie Facts

  • Group
  • Herding
  • Affiliations
  • Height
  • 20" - 22" (51 - 56cm)
  • Weight
  • 40 - 60lbs (18 - 27kg)
  • Lifespan
  • 14 years | Add yours

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  • Exercise Requirement
  • Moderate - This breed enjoys typical daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • Average Training Time
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Moderate
  • Colors
    • Silver / Grey
    • Brown
    • Fawn
    • Blue
    • Black
    • White / Black
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Good with children
    • Ok outdoors
    • Should sleep indoors

True Cost Of Ownership

Alternate Names

The Bearded Collie is also known as beardie, hairy mou'ed collie, highland collie, loch collie, mountain scotch collie, or "ld welsh grey sh".


The Bearded Collie breed originated in Scotland.

Date Of Origin

The Polish Lowland Sheepdogs, predecessors to the Bearded Collie, arrived in Scotland in the 1500's.


Once known as the Highland Collie, the Bearded Collie was a common breed in Scotland, used extensively as a sheep herding dog and cattle drover. The Bearded Collie is one of Britain's oldest breeds.

Having virtually disappeared as a working dog by the 1930's, the Bearded Collie continued to have a few devotees among the shepherds and drovers of Peebleshire, Scotland. After World War II, Mrs. G.O. Williamson almost single-handedly revived the breed starting with just 2 dogs, her beloved "Jeanne of Bothkennar" and "Bailie of Bothkennar".

The first litter of Bearded Collies born in the USA in 1967. The Bearded Collie was recognized by the AKC in 1976 and by the UKC in 1979.


The Bearded Collie is a medium sized dog with a broad skull and full muzzle. It has medium sized drop ears; a large, square nose; and large eyes that are set wide apart. The nose and eye color complement the coat, in black, blue, brown, or fawn, with or without white markings. The Bearded Collie, as the name implies, has a heavy beard.

The Bearded Collie is one of the few breeds who's coat changes color naturally with age. Puppies that are born black begin graying at approximately eight weeks of age. Blue pups turn silver, brown pups lighten to a cinnamon or milky chocolate, and fawns lighten to a champagne hue. The coat colors fade until the dogs reach approximately one year of age. Then the process reverses and they begin to darken, but do not become as dark as their birth color.


The Bearded Collie is a friendly, affectionate, outgoing dog with strong herding instincts which can, at times, demonstrate a degree of stubbornness and independence. The The Bearded Collie makes a wonderful family companion. It is very playful and devoted to its family and gets along with almost everyone including children and other pets - especially when raised with them.

Bearded Collies are active, and sometimes silly, dogs that require average amounts of play-time and exercise to stay happy and healthy. Fetch, hide and seek, running along with their owner are all good choices. The Bearded Collie also enjoys canine sports such as agility, herding, and flyball.

Early training is crucial for this often silly and boisterous breed to set the standards for behavior and avoid any unintended behavioral problems in the future. Training should remain structured, fair, and fun.


To this day, the Bearded Collie continues it's work as an effective herding dog and loyal family companion in the USA and Britain.

Health Concerns

Possible health concerns for the Bearded Collie include allergies, autoimmune disease - a group of skin diseases in which an antibody directs against a normal component of the skin, causing a health condition (see: Pemphigus), hypothyroidism, skin problems, and Addison's disease.

Additional Information

The Bearded Collie requires a through brushing 3-4 times a week to keep the coat free of mats. Brushing after getting wet or extended play will also be required.

Some owners will have the coat trimmed (sometimes shaved) by a groomer to reduce coat maintenance. Careful consideration should be taken prior to opting to shave the Bearded Collie as some dogs will have a markedly different coat when it grows back. Consult your groomer or breeder to see if this is the best route for your particular pet. If improperly cared for, the coat will become over matted and the dog will have to be shaved.

Show Sources & Contributors +


Simon & Schusters Guide to Dogs

Publisher: Simon & Schuster inc, 1980

Website: http://www.simonandschuster.com

Author: Elizabeth Meriwether Schuler

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

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