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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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Yorkshire Terrier


Yorkshire Terrier Facts

  • Group
  • Toys
  • Affiliations
  • Height
  • 8" - 9"
  • Weight
  • under 7 lbs.
  • Lifespan
  • 14 years | Add yours

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  • Exercise Requirement
  • Moderate - This breed enjoys typical daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • Difficult to Train
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Difficult
  • Colors
    • Black / Tan
    • Tan
    • Silver / Grey
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Adapted to city living
    • Can be trained as a watch dog or guard dog
    • Good with children
    • Should sleep indoors
    • Tendency to bite

True Cost Of Ownership

Alternate Names



The Yorkshire terrier originated in the West Riding area of Yorkshire, Great Britain.

Date Of Origin

This breed developed in the 1800's.


The Yorkie was originally bred to control rats in cotton mills and mines in Yorkshire, England. It was popular among the working class, especially weavers. Later, it became a fashionable per during the Victorian age. Originally called the broken haired Scottish terrier, the breed was renamed the Yorkshire terrier by 1870. It is a descendant of the Waterside terrier, Old English black and tan terrier, rough-coated English terrier, paisley terrier, and Clydesdale terrier. It first came to the U.S. in the 1870's.


The Yorkie is a very small, well balanced dog with square proportions and a high head carriage. Its skull is small and flat; the muzzle is tapered with a small, black, button nose. The naturally erect ears are small and V-shaped. The tail is docked to medium length and carried slightly higher than the back. The distinctive coat is long, silky, and glossy, parted down the center of the back and hanging straight to the floor. The long hair on the head is parted or tied into a bow. The hair on the muzzle is long and blends into the hair on the chest. Puppies are born black and tan but by about two years old develop their steel blue and tan coloring.


The scrappy Yorkie is a true terrier. Despite its small size, it is courageous and assertive. It tends to get along well with most animals and children but can become demanding and nippy if not socialized and trained.


The Yorkie, as it is known, has found great popularity as a companion dog all over the world. This is due to its exceptional good looks and general lovableness. It has, however, not forgotten its terrier blood and can localize even the smallest noise, which makes it useful as a watchdog.

Health Concerns

Cushings disease, dental problems, hypoglycemia, Legg-Perthes disease, liver shunt, luxating patellas, tracheal collapse.

Additional Information

This breed requires consistent, professional grooming. When purchasing this breed be sure you are ready for the financial commitment.

Show Sources & Contributors +


The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

Simon & Schusters Guide to Dogs

Publisher: Simon & Schuster inc, 1980

Website: http://www.simonandschuster.com

Author: Elizabeth Meriwether Schuler

The New Encyclopedia of the Dog

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2000

Website: http://www.dk.com

Author: Bruce Fogle

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