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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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Afghan Hound


Afghan Hound Facts

  • Group
  • Hound
  • Affiliations
  • Height
  • 25" - 27" (63.5 - 68.5cm)
  • Weight
  • 50 - 60 lbs (22.6 - 27.2kg)
  • Lifespan
  • 12 years | Add yours

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  • Exercise Requirement
  • Moderate - This breed enjoys typical daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • Difficult to Train
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Difficult
  • Colors
    • Various Colors
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Good with children
    • Hunting heritage
    • Ok outdoors
    • Should sleep indoors

True Cost Of Ownership

Alternate Names

The Afghan Hound is also known as the Greyhound in pajamas and Barukhzy Hound.


The Afghan Hound is an ancient breed, native to the Sinai, and was mentioned in Egyptian papyruses as well as pictured on cave walls in Northern Afghanistan.

Date Of Origin

It is believed that the Afghan Hound has been active since the time of the Egyptian pharaohs, which could date back to the B.C. era.


Due to the fact that this is an ancient breed, the Afghan Hound's history is unclear. It is believed that this dog was companion to pharaohs, hunter for tribal chiefs, and shepherd to a flock. Perhaps its regal personality comes from the company it has kept over the centuries.

The Afghan Hound blood line was kept pure for centuries because it's exportation out of Afghanistan was prohibited, however, the Afghan Hound was eventually brought to England by British officers as contraband (smuggled) in the early 1900's. This unique breed with the ability to chase down game (prey) and corner predators It was first seen as first seen in the west in 1907. Unfortunately, the Afghan Hound's presence in the western world had almost completely disappeared by the end of World War 1 [citation needed]. The beginning of the Afghan Hounds we have today dates back to 1920, when a group of them was brought to Scotland to rebuild the breed.


The western Afghan Hound was developed for looks rather than function. It is a superb show dog, lending a feeling of sophistication to any environment. This is a large, powerful, agile and squarely built dog. It is elegant with a long head and neck and a long tapered muzzle. It has a black nose, almond shaped eyes, and long pendant ears. It has very large feet, a prominent pelvic bones, and a long ringed or curved tail. The coat is long and silky, except on the face and back, where the hair is short. The ears and feet are feathered and there is a long, silky top knot.


The Afghan Hound is strong willed, dignified (but not indifferent), affectionate, sensitive, intelligent, and playful with family. The Afghan is suspicious, but not hostile, with strangers.

Like most other sight hounds, this breed has a strong independent streak and requires extensive obedience training and careful handling from an early age. Afghans are good with children if raised with them or well socialized but should not be trusted with small animals, due to its intense prey drive and hunting heritage.


Some believe the Afghan Hound is the original sight hound (hunting by sight) and was used by tribal chiefs to course prey with a hunter on horseback. In Afghanistan, this beautiful and sensitive breed is still used to guard sheep and goats, as well as hunt wolves and foxes. The thick, long coat serves as protection against the cold in the mountainous regions of the north. In the west, the Afghan Hound is mostly used as a companion.

Health Concerns

Health issues for the Afghan Hound include hip dysplasia, eye and heart problems.

Additional Information

The Afghan Hound requires a patient, active family with a fenced yard large enough for the dog to stretch his legs for long, unrestrained runs daily. Because of the long coat, the Afghan Hound requires daily brushing to keep the coat from tangling. Bathing and blow drying the coat and brushing and combing can take up to 3 hours to complete.

Show Sources & Contributors +


The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Dogs, Dog Breeds and Dog Care

Publisher: Anness Publishing Limited, 1999

Website: http://www.southwaterbooks.com

Authors: Dr. Peter Larkin, Mike Stockman

Simon & Schusters Guide to Dogs

Publisher: Simon & Schuster inc, 1980

Website: http://www.simonandschuster.com

Author: Elizabeth Meriwether Schuler

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

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