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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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Standard Schnauzer


Standard Schnauzer Facts

  • Group
  • Working
  • Affiliations
  • Height
  • 17" - 20"
  • Weight
  • 35-40 lbs.
  • Lifespan
  • 14 years | Add yours

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  • Exercise Requirement
  • Moderate - This breed enjoys typical daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • Average Training Time
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Difficult
  • Colors
    • Black
    • Black / White
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Can be trained as a watch dog or guard dog
    • Good with children

True Cost Of Ownership

Alternate Names

None known.


The standard schnauzer originated in Germany.

Date Of Origin

This breed developed in the Middle Ages. It is unclear as to when exactly this breed originated.


The standard is the prototype of the three schnauzer types; its ancestry dates to the fifteenth century. It is believed to be a cross between the black German poodle, gray wolfspitz, and wirehaired pinscher. It was developed as a farm dog, guard, and ratter, but also served as a companion. It was often kept by farmers to guard their carts at market. It has also been used as a military dog. The standard schnauzer was not known in the U.S. until after WWI, but has since become a popular companion.


The standard schnauzer is large, muscular, and squarely built. It has a strong, rectangular head with brown, oval eyes, and an arched brow. The V-shaped button ears are cropped erect or left natural, and the large nose is black. It has a long neck and short body. The tail is docked short and carried erect. The double coat has a short, soft undercoat and harsh, wiry outer coat with long, wiry eyebrows, and whiskers. It is salt and pepper or black.


This is an intelligent and highly trainable dog. It is very lively and playful, some say mischievous. It is affectionate and devoted to its family but territorial and wary of strangers, making it an excellent watchdog. It gets along with children but has a strong prey drive and isn?t trustworthy with small animals.


The standard schnauzer in the eighteenth century was a carriage dog and a watchdog in stables. Since it has some terrier blood, it was also used as a hunter of rodents. Today, it is esteemed as a watchdog and body guard, but above all, as a very lovable companion.

Health Concerns

Hip dysplasia.

Additional Information

This dog does best with an active, dog-experienced family. It adapts to city, rural, or suburban life with adequate exercise.

Show Sources & Contributors +


The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

Simon & Schusters Guide to Dogs

Publisher: Simon & Schuster inc, 1980

Website: http://www.simonandschuster.com

Author: Elizabeth Meriwether Schuler

The New Encyclopedia of the Dog

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2000

Website: http://www.dk.com

Author: Bruce Fogle

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