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Samoyed Facts

  • Group
  • Working
  • Affiliations
  • Height
  • 19" - 23.5"
  • Weight
  • 40-70 lbs.
  • Lifespan
  • 14 years | Add yours

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  • Exercise Requirement
  • Moderate - This breed enjoys typical daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • Average Training Time
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Moderate
  • Colors
    • White
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Can be trained as a watch dog or guard dog
    • Can be trained for defense
    • Good with children
    • Hunting heritage
    • Ok outdoors

True Cost Of Ownership

Alternate Names



The Samoyed originated in Russia.

Date Of Origin

This breed developed in ancient times. It developed into the breed we know today in the 1600's.


The Samoyed takes its name from the Samoyed people, a nomadic tribe from the Siberian tundra. The Samoyed used the dog as a hunter, reindeer herder, and sled dog. When western polar explorers came upon the dogs in the nineteenth century and early twentieth century, they brought examples home with then, where the breed soon became popular with the English aristocracy. Shortly thereafter, the first Samoyed was imported to the U.S. It was also used in subsequent Arctic exploration. The Samoyed has become a popular pet in the U.S.


This medium sized spitz dog has a wedge-shaped head, triangular prick ears, and dark, almond shaped eyes. The corner of the mouth turns up slightly in a smile and its nose is black, although brown, liver, or Dudley noses are not unusual. It is longer than it is tall with a long tail that curls over the back or hangs down. It has a heavy double coat that is white or biscuit colored. The undercoat is dense and soft, while the outer coat is long and coarse. There is a heavy ruff on the neck and the tail is plumed.


The Samoyed is an affectionate, gentle dog that craves human interaction. It is intelligent and lively and can be mischievous. It gets along with almost everyone, including children and other dogs.


This breed is a classic sled dog, able to pull heavy loads long distances. It has also been used successfully in hunting walruses, guarding herds, and as a body guard. It has proved itself as an excellent companion and watchdog. Its beauty and gentleness continues to win it friends throughout the world. It is absolutely not vicious, plays gladly with children, and is clean. It tends to be a frequent and lively barker, it is also hard to house train.

Health Concerns

Bloat, cardiac problems, eye problems, hip dysplasia, renal, skin allergies

Additional Information

The Samoyed does well with an active family in the country or suburbs.

Show Sources & Contributors +


The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

Simon & Schusters Guide to Dogs

Publisher: Simon & Schuster inc, 1980

Website: http://www.simonandschuster.com

Author: Elizabeth Meriwether Schuler

The New Encyclopedia of the Dog

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2000

Website: http://www.dk.com

Author: Bruce Fogle

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