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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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Pug Facts

  • Group
  • Toys
  • Affiliations
  • Height
  • 10" - 11"
  • Weight
  • 14-18 lbs.
  • Lifespan
  • 14 years | Add yours

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  • Exercise Requirement
  • Moderate - This breed enjoys typical daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • Difficult to Train
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Moderate
  • Colors
    • Black
    • Fawn
    • Silver / Grey
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Adapted to city living
    • Good with children
    • Should sleep indoors
    • Tendency to bite

True Cost Of Ownership

Alternate Names

Carlin, Mops


The Pug originated in China.

Date Of Origin

It is believed that this breed developed as miniaturized mastiffs at least 2,400 years ago.


The pug's progenitors probably originated in China more than two thousand years ago. From there the breed made its way to Tibet and Japan, probably as royal gifts or objects of barter, and eventually to Europe in the sixteenth century. It was first known outside China in Holland, where it was extremely popular. It first came to the U.S. in the nineteenth century. This breed was once companion to Buddhist priests.


The pug is a square, short, and stocky dog with straight legs. The head is large and round, with a heavily wrinkled forehead. The muzzle is short and wide with an undershot bite. Its large, prominent eyes are dark and set wide apart and its small, thin ears are rose or button. The tail is tightly curled. It has a short single coat, with smooth, glossy hair that may be silver, apricot or fawn and black with a black mask and ears.


The pug is loving and affectionate with its family. It is eager to please and enjoys the company of children. It is also intelligent and is very stubborn and tenacious. This breed also tends to snore.


This breed has always been a companion dog.

Health Concerns

Deformities of the mouth and nose, eye and eyelid problems, heatstroke, hip dysplasia, Legg-Perthes, luxating patellas, pug dog encephalitis.

Additional Information

Although the pug has a short, easy to care for coat, they shed frequently and require frequent brushing, a rubber curry comb is ideal. Their face wrinkles need to be gently cleansed with a warm wash cloth daily to keep them healthy and free from bacteria and face stains.

Show Sources & Contributors +


The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

Simon & Schusters Guide to Dogs

Publisher: Simon & Schuster inc, 1980

Website: http://www.simonandschuster.com

Author: Elizabeth Meriwether Schuler

The New Encyclopedia of the Dog

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2000

Website: http://www.dk.com

Author: Bruce Fogle

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