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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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Poodle Facts

  • Group
  • Non Sporting
  • Affiliations
  • Height
  • Toy: 10" or less
    Miniature: 10" - 15"
    Standard: 15"+
  • Weight
  • Toy: 5-7 lbs.
    Miniature: 13-16 lbs.
    Standard: 50-75 lbs.
  • Lifespan
  • 15 years | 1 responses - Add yours

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  • Exercise Requirement
  • Moderate - This breed enjoys typical daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • A Quick Learner
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Difficult
  • Colors
    • White
    • Black
    • Blue
    • Cream
    • Silver / Grey
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Good with children
    • Hunting heritage
    • Should sleep indoors

True Cost Of Ownership

Alternate Names

Toy Poodle, Miniature Poodle, Standard Poodle


The poodle's place of origin is of much debate. It is said that the poodle originated in Germany, however, many believe its place of origin is France due to the popularity it has received there.

Date Of Origin

The poodle originated in the 1500's.


The poodle is an old breed whose name comes from the German word pudel meaning to ?splash in water.? The poodle was originally used as a water retriever and was mostly developed in France, where the breed became very popular. So widely was it used as retriever that it was shorn of portions of its coat to further facilitate progress in swimming. Thence came the custom of clipping to pattern which so enhanced the style and general appearance that its sponsors, particularly in France, were captivated by it. The dogs were used as hunters in France, Germany, and Great Britain into the nineteenth century, but later became popular performers and companions. The standard is the prototype poodle, from which the toy and miniature were bred. They first came to the U.S. at the end of the 19th century.


Toy and miniature: These small to medium size, square dogs are elegant looking. The fine muzzle is straight and equal in length to the skull. The nose is black or liver and the eyes are oval and wide apart. They have long, wide drop ears that hang close to the head. The tail is docked and carried erect. The coat is harsh and curly and can be natural, corded or clipped. The coat is of a uniform color, including apricot, black, blue, cream, gray, silver, or white.

Standard: The poodle is a medium to large, muscular, square-shaped dog. It has a long skull and long drop ears. The oval eyes are dark, and the nose black or liver colored, depending on the coat color. The tail is docked and held erect. The double coat has a curly, harsh outer coat that is apricot, black, blue, cream, gray, silver, brown, caf? au lait, or white. It may be clipped or corded.


Toy and miniature: Both poodles are intelligent and highly trainable. They may be wary of strangers but are affectionate with their families and enjoy human companionship. They make very poor kennel dogs. Most are good with children and other animals, as long as they are socialized. In general the miniature and toy poodles are more sensitive than standards.

Standard: This is an intelligent, highly trainable dog. It is affectionate with friends and family but can be aloof toward strangers. It gets along well with children.


In France this breed is known as caniche, a name derived from canard (duck), because in the past the poodle was an outstanding retriever of game from marshes, an ability it inherited from its ancestor the barbet. Due to its attractive personality, its beauty and its intelligence the poodle quickly became revered as a companion dog. It has excellent hearing and a noteworthy sense of orientation. More than most dogs, it can understand the meaning of the spoken word. It is patient during bathing and clipping and loves to play with children. It will not accept heavy handed training.

Health Concerns

Addison?s disease, bloat, epilepsy, hip dysplasia, luxating patellas, PRA, renal disease, skin disorders, sebaceous adenitis, thyroid problems

Additional Information

Before purchasing this breed, be sure to understand the commitment to grooming that must be made. Consistent, professional grooming can be costly, however, this breed requires it.

Show Sources & Contributors +


Elizabeth Nocera

Elizabeth Nocera


The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

Simon & Schusters Guide to Dogs

Publisher: Simon & Schuster inc, 1980

Website: http://www.simonandschuster.com

Author: Elizabeth Meriwether Schuler

The New Encyclopedia of the Dog

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2000

Website: http://www.dk.com

Author: Bruce Fogle


Publisher: WikiMedia Foundation, On Going

Website: http://en.wikipedia.org/

1 Comment For "Poodle"

Elizabeth Nocera

Elizabeth Nocera

Poodles make wonderful pets. They are smart, loving, and very playful. My Toy poodle Nikki was with me for 18 amazing years.

April 1, 2012 at 11:53PM  Sign In or Join to Comment