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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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Pomeranian Facts

  • Group
  • Toys
  • Affiliations
  • Height
  • 8" - 11"
  • Weight
  • 3-7 lbs.
  • Lifespan
  • 14 years | Add yours

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  • Exercise Requirement
  • Moderate - This breed enjoys typical daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • Average Training Time
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Moderate
  • Colors
    • Various Colors
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Adapted to city living
    • Can be trained as a watch dog or guard dog
    • Should sleep indoors

True Cost Of Ownership

Alternate Names

Dwarf Spitz, Loulou, Poms, Toy German Spitz


The Pomeranian originated in the province ?Pomerania? which was located where Eastern Germany is now.

Date Of Origin

This breed developed hundreds of years ago however it was recognized as the breed we know today in the 1800's.


The Pomeranian is said to have come from Pomerania, a province in Eastern Germany. It is generally believed that it descends from a larger German spitz dog that was used for pulling sleds and herding sheep. It was bred into its current size in the nineteenth century and was highly favored by Queen Victoria. It first made its way to the U.S. in the late nineteenth century.


The Pomeranian is a small dog with a foxy appearance and small, erect ears. It has a wedge shaped head; dark, almond shaped eyes; and a short, tapered muzzle. Its tail curls over its back and it has small, compact feet. It is double coated with a thick, soft undercoat and a profuse, straight outer coat. It has a pronounced neck ruff.


The Pomeranian is a spunky, outgoing dog that is intelligent and highly trainable. If not socialized, Poms may be unfriendly to strangers or even those familiar to them. It is a very clean dog, sometimes described as catlike. It is protective and makes an excellent watchdog.


After being a watchdog and shepherd, it became a luxury companion dog during the Renaissance. Today it makes a wonderful watchdog and companion.

Health Concerns

Dental problems, luxating patellas, patent ductus arteriosus, PRA, tracheal collapse.

Additional Information

Many Pomeranian's do well in adult-only households.

Show Sources & Contributors +


The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

Simon & Schusters Guide to Dogs

Publisher: Simon & Schuster inc, 1980

Website: http://www.simonandschuster.com

Author: Elizabeth Meriwether Schuler

The New Encyclopedia of the Dog

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2000

Website: http://www.dk.com

Author: Bruce Fogle

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