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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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Minaiture Pinscher


Minaiture Pinscher Facts

  • Group
  • Toys
  • Affiliations
  • Height
  • 10" - 12.5"
  • Weight
  • 8-11 lbs.
  • Lifespan
  • 12 years | Add yours

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  • Exercise Requirement
  • High - This breed requires vigorous daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • Average Training Time
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Easy
  • Colors
    • Black
    • Blue
    • Red
    • Brown
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Adapted to city living
    • Should sleep indoors

True Cost Of Ownership

Alternate Names

Min pin.


The miniature pinscher originated in Germany.

Date Of Origin

This breed developed in the 1700's.


The miniature pinscher is hundreds of years old, older than the doberman (to which it is not related). It is believed to have been developed as a small ratter by breeding German pinschers to dachshunds or Italian greyhounds. The breed was developed to its current form around 1895. Although WWI halted its development, fanciers outside of Germany took up its cause after the war. It was first seen in the U.S. i the 1920's.


The min-pin is a small, sturdy, compact dog. Its muscular body is wedge shaped. It has a narrow tapering, wedge shaped head with a flat skull, which is parallel to the strong muzzle. The eyes are oval, almost black, and bright. The ears may be cropped or natural. The tail is docked and held erect. The coat is short, smooth and straight.


This breed is an alert dog with vigor and spirit. It is fearless and self confident. It is wary with strangers and sometimes aggressive with other dogs. It will react to provocation.


This dog was used as a ratter in the past, when it was of a stockier build. Today its main purpose it to be a companion. It fits well into many lifestyles.

Health Concerns

Cardiac problems, cervical (dry) disc, epilepsy, hip dysplasia, Legg-Perthes disease, luxating patellas, thyroid problems.

Additional Information

This breed requires supervision when with children.

Show Sources & Contributors +


The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

The New Encyclopedia of the Dog

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2000

Website: http://www.dk.com

Author: Bruce Fogle

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