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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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Beauceron Facts

  • Group
  • Working
  • Affiliations
  • UKC, AKC
  • Height
  • 24.5" - 27.5" (62 - 70cm)
  • Weight
  • 80 -110lbs (36.3 - 50kg)
  • Lifespan
  • 12 years | Add yours

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  • Exercise Requirement
  • High - This breed requires vigorous daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • A Quick Learner
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Easy
  • Colors
    • Black / Tan
    • Black
    • White / Black
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Can be trained as a watch dog or guard dog
    • Can be trained for defense
    • Ok outdoors

True Cost Of Ownership

Alternate Names

The Beauceron is also known as Berger de Beauce, Bas Rouge, and Beauce Shephard.


The Beauceron originated in France in the providence of Brie.

Date Of Origin

The Beauceron breed originated in the late 1500's.


Although the Beauceron is a very old breed, dating back to the late 16th century, it is rarely known outside France. It is a cousin of the Briard, both being french livestock guardians.

There was no distinction between the two breeds until the nineteenth century. In 1863, Pierre Megnin differentiated, with precision, two types of these sheep dogs. The long coat dog would become the Berger de Brie (Briard) and the short coat dogs became known as the Berger de Beauce (Beauceron).

The French army used the Beauceron due to their ability to follow commands without hesitation. This breed was also well utilized during both wars in Europe, where the military used them on the front lines as messengers. Beaucerons were often used to pick up trails, detect land mines, and support commando activity. After the French Revolution the breed was used for herding rather than guarding.

The Beauceron was recognized by the UKC in 1994 and by the AKC in 2007.


The Beauceron is a large, solid, and muscular dog with a rectangular shape. It has a long head, dark eyes and a black nose. The short ears are set high and are natural drop cropped erect. It has a deep chest and natural tail that is hooked at the end. The coat is double with a dense gray undercoat and a rough short outer coat. It is shortest at the head and may be black with rust markings, called bi-color or bas rouge (red stockings), or gray, black and rust called harlequin.


The Beauceron is a courageous, bold, intelligent dog that are highly trainable and eager to please. They are devoted to their owners, very versatile, and make excellent workers. Although the Beauceron can be reserved with strangers, he is loving, loyal and protective of his family. This breed must never appear mean, timid or worried. The Beauceron is best suited with an active, dog-experienced owner (or family) who can provide a job and/or activities.

Continuous training should begin early to provide your young Beauceron with new challenges to occupy the mind. The Beauceron needs daily activity, exercise, and a prefers a job to keep busy. Known to excel in dog sports, the Beauceron will enjoy advanced obedience, tricks, tracking, and more.

The Beauceron may be rowdy as a pup, but is good with both adults and children. They also do well with other dogs in the household, but may become assertive with strange dogs and may herd family cats.


Today the Beauceron is still used in military and police work but. The Beauceron excels as a guardian, worker, and makes an effective herd dog.

Health Concerns

Possible health issues for Beauceron include bloat, ectropion, entropion, and hip dysplasia.

Additional Information

Both the Beauceron and the Briard have double rear dew claws. Grooming a Beauceron requires brushing 1 to 2 times per week, and more during the heavy shedding seasons of spring and fall.

Show Sources & Contributors +


Simon & Schusters Guide to Dogs

Publisher: Simon & Schuster inc, 1980

Website: http://www.simonandschuster.com

Author: Elizabeth Meriwether Schuler

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

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