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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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Donica Reese

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Mastiff Facts

  • Group
  • Working
  • Affiliations
  • Height
  • 27.5" - 30"+
  • Weight
  • weight proportionate to height.
  • Lifespan
  • 10 years | 1 responses - Add yours

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  • Exercise Requirement
  • Low - This breed requires little daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • Average Training Time
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Easy
  • Colors
    • Brindle
    • Fawn
    • Tan
    • Silver / Grey
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Can be trained as a watch dog or guard dog
    • Good with children
    • Should sleep indoors
    • Tendency to bite

True Cost Of Ownership

  • Monthly Food Costs
  • $41.00 | 1 responses - Add yours

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  • Grooming Costs (?)
  • $34.00 | from 1 responses - Add yours

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  • Annual Vet Cost (?)
  • $210.00 | from 1 responses - Add yours

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  • Average Annual Cost
  • $721.83
  • TCO Index (?)
  • 72.18

Alternate Names

Old English mastiff. English Mastiff


This Mastiff is descended from the Tibetan mastiff, which was introduced to Europe by the Phoenicians.

Date Of Origin

The Mastiff developed as early as 3000 B.C.


The mastiff is an ancient dog that is believed to descend from the Tibetan mastiff. It was developed as a guarding, fighting, and companion dog. Although its history is cloudy, the breed may have existed in Great Britain for more than two thousand years.
As early as 3000 B.C., drawings on Egyptian monuments depict typical Mastiffs. Later, even Caesar noticed the fearless, strong Mastiff as it fought alongside the British soldiers in 55 B.C. Impressed by the breed?s courage, he brought a group of them back to Rome and forced them to take part in bull baiting, lion fighting and fights with human gladiators. Later, the Mastiff became popular with the peasants in England, where the dogs were used to keep wolves and other dangerous predators under control as well to as protect the home.


The mastiff is a large, powerful, heavily boned dog with a broad, rectangular-shaped head; a short muzzle; and small, V-shaped drop ears. It has a broad, dark nose and brown eyes. The chest is deep and wide and the long tail tapers. The short, smooth coat is fawn, apricot, or brindle with fawn or apricot, or apricot as the background color, with a dark mask.


This is a patient, stoic, calm, and loyal breed. It makes an affectionate family dog.


In the past this breed was a particularly bloodthirsty fighting dog used in spectacles. Thereafter, it was used to guard flocks and isolated factories. Today it is still used as a watchdog, bodyguard, and a companion.

Health Concerns

Hip dysplasia.

Additional Information

The mastiff is adaptable to most living situations, equally suited to city, suburban, or country life. It may be too large for a small apartment.

Show Sources & Contributors +


Donica Reese

Donica Reese

Donica Reese

Donica Reese


The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

Simon & Schusters Guide to Dogs

Publisher: Simon & Schuster inc, 1980

Website: http://www.simonandschuster.com

Author: Elizabeth Meriwether Schuler

The New Encyclopedia of the Dog

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2000

Website: http://www.dk.com

Author: Bruce Fogle

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