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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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Komondor Facts

  • Group
  • Working
  • Affiliations
  • Height
  • Females 25.5"+
    Males 27.5"+
  • Weight
  • Females 75-85 lbs.
    Males 100+ lbs.
  • Lifespan
  • 12 years | Add yours

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  • Exercise Requirement
  • Moderate - This breed enjoys typical daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • Average Training Time
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Difficult
  • Colors
    • White
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Ok outdoors
    • Tendency to bite

True Cost Of Ownership

Alternate Names

komondorak (plural), Hungarian sheepdog.


The Komondor originated in Hungary.

Date Of Origin

This breed developed around 900 A.D.


The komondor is believed to be descended from Tibetan dogs that came from Asia to Hungary with the nomadic Magyars around A.D. 900. It was developed as a flock guardian and continues to do this work today. It is also kept as a companion.
The name "quman-dur" means "belonging to the Cumans" or "the dog of the Cumans", distinguishing it from a similar Hungarian sheepdog breed which later merged with the Komondor. The name Komondor is found for the first time written in 1544 in the History of King Astiagis by K?konyi P?ter, in Hungarian. Later in 1673 Amos Comenius mentions the Komondor in one of his works.
The unique dreadlock appearance gives a hint of common origin with the Puli and the Bergamasco. There might also be a link between the Komondor and the big, white Russian livestock dogs, the South Russian Ovcharka. The dreadlock coat must have developed under a dry and extreme temperature climate as it provides superb protection against cold and hot weather, but is not too comfortable in wet weather.

The Komondor is built for livestock guarding. It is big, strong, and armored with a thick coat. The coat provides protection against wild animals and the weather and vegetation, the coat of the dog looks similar to that of a sheep so it can easily blend into a flock and camouflage itself giving it an advantage when predators such as wolves attack. The coat is the trademark of the breed.

Today the Komondor is a fairly common breed in Hungary, its country of origin.


This is a large, muscular, well-boned dog with a broad head and almond-shaped, dark brown eyes. The nose is usually black, although a dark brown or gray nose is acceptable. The drop ears are medium sized, the chest is deep, and the tail is long and curved. The double coat has a dense, wooly undercoat and heavily corded, white outer coat. The skin is gray.


It is calm, alert and protective. It is devoted to family but wary with strangers. Although it is an independent breed, it rarely roams.


This breed is used as a typical sheepdog for large flocks (or herds) in isolated places. It is especially alert at night. It has also been used with outstanding results as a police dog in snowy regions. Recently, breeders have softened its personality and it has become appreciated as a companion dog.

Health Concerns

Bloat, hip dysplasia, skin allergies.

Additional Information

The komondor requires a firm, dog-experienced owner in a rural home.

Show Sources & Contributors +


The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

Simon & Schusters Guide to Dogs

Publisher: Simon & Schuster inc, 1980

Website: http://www.simonandschuster.com

Author: Elizabeth Meriwether Schuler

The New Encyclopedia of the Dog

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2000

Website: http://www.dk.com

Author: Bruce Fogle

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