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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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Kangal Dog


Kangal Dog Facts

  • Group
  • Working
  • Affiliations
  • UKC
  • Height
  • 28" - 34"
  • Weight
  • 90-140 lbs.
  • Lifespan
  • 12 years | Add yours

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  • Exercise Requirement
  • Moderate - This breed enjoys typical daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • Difficult to Train
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Moderate
  • Colors
    • Silver / Grey
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Can be trained as a watch dog or guard dog
    • Ok outdoors
    • Should sleep indoors

True Cost Of Ownership

Alternate Names

none known


This breed developed in Turkey.

Date Of Origin

This dog has existed for centuries. There is no documentation stating when it originated.


The Kangal is an ancient flock guardian from the Kangal district of the Sivas Province in Turkey. It was kept by villagers in the area but was especially associated with the large, land-holding Aga family. The Kangal is considered the national dog of Turkey and is often depicted wearing a spiked collar. It is believed to descend from early mastiffs.


The Kangal dog is a large, powerful, heavy dog that is slightly longer than it is tall. The large head has a deep, blunt muzzle that is shorter than the skull. There is a distinctive furrow that runs from the skull to the muzzle. The nose is large and black and the eyes range from deep brown to amber. The medium-size drop ears are rounded and can be cropped erect or left natural, they are carried higher when the dog is alert. The long, bushy tail curls and the feet are large. There is a double coat with a short dense outer coat that ranges in color from gray to dun, with a black mask and ears. There may be white on the feet, chest and tail.


The Kangal dog is strong and courageous, affectionate with family but wary with strangers. It is naturally calm but will fight if necessary.


This breed is a guardian through and through. Throughout history it has been used to guard flocks, farmers lands and family. Today it is also recognized as a companion dog.

Health Concerns

hip dysplasia

Additional Information

The Kangal dog does best in a rural or suburban home with the opportunity to work. Owners should be dog-experienced and active.

Show Sources & Contributors +


The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

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