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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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Golden Retriever


Golden Retriever Facts

  • Group
  • Sporting
  • Affiliations
  • Height
  • 21.5" - 24"
  • Weight
  • 50-80 lbs.
  • Lifespan
  • 12 years | Add yours

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  • Exercise Requirement
  • High - This breed requires vigorous daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • Average Training Time
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Moderate
  • Colors
    • Tan
    • Yellow
    • Orange
    • Cream
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Good with children
    • Guide dog for the blind
    • Hunting heritage
    • Rescue heritage
    • Should sleep indoors

True Cost Of Ownership

Alternate Names

none known


The Golden Retriever was first developed in Scotland at "Guisachan" near Glen Affric, the highland estate of Sir Dudley Marjoribanks.

Date Of Origin

This breed was developed in 1864.


It has been proven through the stud book kept by the first Lord Tweedmouth that the first yellow retriever (today called the golden retriever) was a single yellow pup from a litter of black, wavy-coated pups. The yellow pup was obtained from a Brighton cobbler, who had got the puppy from a gamekeeper. This puppy, called Nous, was born in June 1864, and he was the foundation sire of the breed.

The golden retriever was developed from a cross of flat- and wavy-coated retrievers, tweed water spaniels, and red setters. It was bred by British aristocrats as a retriever and companion. The golden retriever is one of the most popular companion dogs, but it is also used for a variety of work, including hunting, search and rescue, and assistance work.


The golden retriever is a medium to large size, athletic dog. It has a broad head and small drop ears, brown eyes, and a black or brownish black nose. The double coat has a soft, dense undercoat and a thick, straight or wavy outer coat in various shades of gold. There is a ruff around the neck and feathering on the legs, chest, belly and tail. The coat is shortest at the head, ears, paws and front of legs.


The golden retriever is very outgoing, friendly, playful and even-tempered. It gets along with almost everyone including children and other dogs.


Solid and vigorous, with a fine sense of smell, the dog works well on land or in water. Beautiful and with a good temperament, the golden retriever is also highly prized as a companion and family friend. Wonderfully gentle and patient with children and even infants.

Health Concerns

Cataracts, ectropion, entropion, heart disease, hip dysplasia, PRA, cancer.

Additional Information

These dogs may become obese easily and require daily walks.
The golden's coat may become matted and requires bi-weekly brushing to keep it clean and healthy. The ears are also prone to waxy build up and yeast sop be sure to clean them every week or have it done as part of a professional grooming routine.

Show Sources & Contributors +



Publisher: WikiMedia Foundation, On Going

Website: http://en.wikipedia.org/

The New Encyclopedia of the Dog

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2000

Website: http://www.dk.com

Author: Bruce Fogle

Simon & Schusters Guide to Dogs

Publisher: Simon & Schuster inc, 1980

Website: http://www.simonandschuster.com

Author: Elizabeth Meriwether Schuler

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

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