• Join our Facebook Page!
  • Follow us on Twitter!
  • Subscribe to our YouTube channel!
  • Subscribe to the Wiki-Pet.com RSS feed
  • |

208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

Wiki Pet - health, breeds, pets, friends!

Suggested Friends

Keith JonesJack LydonAlison McdonaldLori Teper

Meet fellow pet fans & make new friends!

American Eskimo Dog


American Eskimo Dog Facts

  • Group
  • Non Sporting
  • Affiliations
  • Height
  • Toy: 9" - 12" (22.8 - 30.5cm)
    Miniature: 12+" - 15" (30.5 - 38.1cm)
    Standard: 15+" - 19" (38.1 - 4
  • Weight
  • In proportion to height. (No standard available).
  • Lifespan
  • 14 years | Add yours

    Login or Join to contribute

  • Exercise Requirement
  • High - This breed requires vigorous daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • A Quick Learner
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Moderate
  • Colors
    • Cream
    • White / Cream
    • White
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Adapted to city living
    • Good with children
    • Should sleep indoors

True Cost Of Ownership

Alternate Names

The American Eskimo Dog is also know as American Eskimo, Eskie, German Spitz, or American Spitz.


The American Eskimo originated in Germany.

Date Of Origin

The American Eskimo breed originated in the late 1800's.


The American Eskimo dogs is a descendant of several European spitz-type dogs including the white Pomeranian, white Italian spitz, white German Spitz, and white Keeshound. In a display of patriotism in the era around World War I, dog owners began referring to their pets as American Spitz rather than German Spitz.

After World War I, the small Spitz dogs came to the attention of the American public when the dogs became popular entertainers in the Cooper Brother's Railroad Circus, in 1917. A dog named Stout's Pal Pierre was famous for walking a tightrope with the Barnum and Bailey Circus in the 1930s. Due to the popularity of the circus dogs, many of today's American Eskimo Dogs can trace their lineage back to these entertainer dogs. In addition to being a circus performer, this breed has a history of companion and watchdog.

The American Eskimo dog was recognized by the UKC in 1913 and by the AKC in 1994.


The American Eskimo Dog is known for its thick bright white double coat (they may also have some cream coloring), jet black points (lips, nose and eye rims). The American Eskimo is square with a strong compact body. Its head is wedge shaped with erect, triangular ears. It has a pronounced ruff around the neck, a plumed tail carried over the back, and longer hair on the rump and hind legs. It comes in three variations: toy, miniature, and standard.


The American Eskimo is intelligent, alert, energetic, loyal, outgoing, and eager to please friends and family, but is cautious with strangers. The American Eskimo makes an excellent watchdog, and trespassers will be met with a flurry of barking. This breed is clever and can be mischievous, but gets along with both children and other animals.

American Eskimo dogs should attend puppy kindergarten class to socialize with other puppies and meet a variety of people. Training will give the breed a standard for acceptable behavior.

The American Eskimo needs vigorous daily exercise, and daily walks alone may not be enough for the younger dogs. A brisk jog, fetch, flyball, or agility training will keep them exercised and satisfied.


Over the years the American Eskimo dog has been used as a companion, watchdog, and circus performer. Today it is most widely used as a companion, and enjoys dog sports such as agility.

Health Concerns

Potential health concerns for the American Eskimo include elbow and knee degeneration, hip dysplasia, PRA, seizures.

Additional Information

The lush coat of the American Eskimo dog requires brushing at least twice per week. Although they are not prone to matting, the dense undercoat will shed. The heaviest shedding is usually in the spring and fall. Some shedding is to be expected year round, but the coat requires no trimming.

The American Eskimo dog can thrive in a country setting or an apartment as long as he receives ample exercise.

Show Sources & Contributors +


The All Breed Dog Grooming Guide

Publisher: Aaronco, 2002

Website: http://www.aaroncopet.com

Author: Sam Kohl

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

0 Comments For "American Eskimo Dog"