Dogs and herbivores are hosts to Neosporum caninum, with cattle as the intermediate host.
Dogs will show nerve and muscle problems, possibly even leading to paralysis. Pneumonia, heart problems, and skin problems may also be seen.
Dogs initially acquire the infection by eating infected meat, but once infected, a female can pass this on through the placenta to her unborn puppies. The risk to humans is minimal.
Blood tests and muscle biopsies are the main means of diagnosis.
Clindamycin, pyrimethamine, and sulfadiazine have been used in treatment.
Dogs should not be fed raw or uncooked meat, especially beef. Dogs should also be prevented from defecating in cattle yards and pastures to prevent exposure. Some vets will attempt treating subsequent litters of affected females in utero, as all future puppies will to be infected. This process must begin at least 2 weeks into the pregnancy, to avoid damage to the developing embryos.
Please contact your veterinarian if you suspect your pet may be infected with this condition.
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