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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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Infectious Arthritis

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Condition Overview

Infectious diseases can produce arthritis. Rickettsial arthritis is seen with Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever and canine ehrlichiosis, and spirochetal arthritis with Lyme Disease (all of which are tick-borne diseases). Fungal arthritis is a rare complication of a systemic fungal infection.

Symptoms

Symptoms are similar to that of immune-mediated arthritis.

Causes

Septic arthritis is caused by bacteria that gain access to joints through open wounds, soft-tissue infections around joints, and via the blood stream. Injecting steroids into a joint carries a small risk of introducing bacteria.

Diagnosis

Information needed.

Treatment

This involves opening the joint and removing all infected and devitalized tissue. This is followed by a long-term course of antibiotics. Most of the tick-borne diseases respond to doxycycline or tetracycline. Some dogs will have permanent joint damage.

Prevention

Information needed.

Support

Please contact your veterinarian with questions regarding this condition.

Show Sources & Contributors +

Sources

Dog Owners Home Veterinary Handbook

Publisher: Wiley Publishing, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Authors: Debra M. Eldredge, Liisa D. Carlson, Delbert G. Carlson, James M. Giffen MD

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