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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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Abnormal number of teeth

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Condition Overview

The standard of 42 teeth is normal for all adult dogs, whether large or small breed. An exception is the hairless breeds, such as the Chinese Crested, because the hairless gene also modifies dentition (the development of teeth and their arrangement in the mouth).

Symptoms

After counting the teeth, you will find either more or less than the standard 42 teeth for a dog.

Causes

Some dogs carry a genetic mutation for missing teeth. Doberman Pinschers may have fewer than the normal eight premolars. This is considered a show fault but has no real significance in terms of the dogs health, unless missing teeth shift the bite. Genetic variations of this type usually are hereditary.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis can be made by counting the number of teeth in the dogs mouth.

Treatment

Treatment is dependent upon specific needs.

Prevention

There is no prevention for this condition.

Support

Please contact your veterinarian if you have questions regarding this condition.

Show Sources & Contributors +

Sources

Dog Owners Home Veterinary Handbook

Publisher: Wiley Publishing, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Authors: Debra M. Eldredge, Liisa D. Carlson, Delbert G. Carlson, James M. Giffen MD

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