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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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Indolent Corneal Ulcers

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Condition Overview

A specific type of slow-healing (indolent) ulcer is found in Boxers and some other breeds including Samoyed, Dachshund, Miniature Poodle, Pembroke Welsh Corgi, Wire Fox Terrier, and Shetland Sheepdog. Most affected dogs are neutered males over the age of 6.

Symptoms

The eye will appear opaque or with a section of opaque appearance. The appearance can be described as cloudy.

Causes

The indolent ulcer is caused by lack of a binding substance normally present in the basement membrane of the cornea (a think layer of cells between the outer and middle layers of the cornea). When this binding "glue" is missing, the epithelium peels away, leaving a concave (inward) ulcer.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis is made by visual examination of the eye.

Treatment

The treatment is prolonged, often 6 - 8 weeks or more. It involves parting away the poorly adherent corneal epithelium and treating the ulcer as described in corneal ulcer. Your vet will need to administer treatment. Expect your dog to be on frequent doses of eye medication and wearing an Elizabethan or BiteNot collar.

Prevention

There is currently no known prevention for this condition.

Support

lease contact your veterinarian if you think your pet may have a corneal ulcer.

Show Sources & Contributors +

Sources

Dog Owners Home Veterinary Handbook

Publisher: Wiley Publishing, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Authors: Debra M. Eldredge, Liisa D. Carlson, Delbert G. Carlson, James M. Giffen MD

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