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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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Chemosis (Allergic Blepharitis)

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Condition Overview

Sudden swelling of the eyelids is an allergic reaction. This is not a serious problem. It is of short duration and improves when the allergen is removed.

Symptoms

The lids appear fluid-filled, soft, puffy and the dog itches and rubs his face. The reaction may be accompanied by hives in which the hair stands out erect in little patches all over the body.

Causes

The most common causes are insect bites or ingredients in foods.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis is made by physical examination.

Treatment

Simple cases can be treated with eye drops or ointments containing a corticosteroid prescribed by your veterinarian. Your vet may also suggest an oral antihistamine to reduce the allergic response.

Prevention

Identifying the instigating allergen and removing it from the environment (if possible) may provide degrees of protection.

Support

Please contact your veterinarian if you have questions regarding this condition.

Show Sources & Contributors +

Sources

Dog Owners Home Veterinary Handbook

Publisher: Wiley Publishing, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Authors: Debra M. Eldredge, Liisa D. Carlson, Delbert G. Carlson, James M. Giffen MD

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