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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

Wiki Pet - health, breeds, pets, friends!

Dog Bodily Statistics

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Dog Heart Rates

Here you will find the average beats per minute based on the size (or age) of your dog.

Pet Normal heart rate (bpm)
Puppies, up to 6 weeks up to 200
Small dogs, up to 20lb (9.07kg) 70 - 180
Medium & large dogs 60 - 140

Dog Body Temperatures

The chart below will help you to determine an appropriate course of action is needed (if any) after taking your pets temperature, usually performed with a rectal thermometer.

Temperature What Does this Mean? Call the Vet?
106°F (41.1°C) or higher Emergency! Cool your pet YES, Immediately.
105°F (40.5°C) High fever YES, the same day
104°F (40°C) Moderate fever YES
103°F (39.4°C) Moderate fever YES
102°F (38.8°C) Normal Range NO
101°F (38.3°C) Normal Range NO
100°F (37.7°C) Normal Range NO
99°F (37.2°C) Normal Range NO
99-95°F (37.2-35°C) Mild hypothermia YES, the same day
Below 95°F (35°C) Emergency! Warm your pet YES, immediately.

Mucous Membrane Colors (gums)

Veterinarians use the color of the mucus membranes to attain an immediate measure of your pet’t health. While this is not specifically a scientific measurement of health, the color of your pets gums can help to identify that a problem exists.

Membrane Color What it means Call the Vet?
Pink Normal NO
Pale to white Anemia or shock YES, Immediately
Blue Smoke inhalation or suffocation YES, Immediately
Bright cherry red Carbon monoxide poisoning or heatstroke YES, Immediately
Yellow Liver problems YES, Immediately

Capillary Refill Time

Capillaries are tiny blood vessels that lie near the surface of the skin. They are easiest to see in your pet’s gums, above his teeth. You can judge the condition of your pet’s blood circulation by performing a capillary refill test.

To perform this test: 1. Lift your pet’s upper lip, then press the flat of your finger against the non-pigmented (no color) pink gum tissue 2. Quickly release the pressure and use the second hand of a watch to count the time it takes for the gum color to return to normal in the area. This is your capillary refill time.

Capillary Refill Time What it Means Call the Vet?
Less than 1 second Emergency! Severe problems - heatstroke, shock YES
1 - 2 seconds Normal NO
2 - 4 seconds Moderate to poor - possible dehydration or shock YES
More than 4 seconds Emergency! Severe problems - dehydration, shock YES

Monitoring Breathing

When your pet is at rest, anything other than quiet, effortless breathing may require medical attention and possibly artificial respiration.

Respiratory Signs What they Mean Call the Vet?
Effortless breathing, quiet to soundless Normal NO
Increased Respiratory rate First sign of breathing problems YES, immediately, if the condition is getting worse. If respiratory rate is increased but the problem is not worsening, call the same day.
Excessive panting or gasping - dogs stand with elbows outward, cats sit crouched with head and neck extended Emergency! Progression to early respiratory failure. YES, immediately
Labored, open-mouthed breathing and blue gums Emergency! Pulmonary failure - the pet is suffocating YES, immediately
Slowed, shallow, or stopped breathing, unconsciousness imminent Emergency! Respiratory collapse - prepare for artificial respiration YES, immediately

Gauging Responsiveness

Healthy pets are alert and responsive to whatever is currently happening in their surroundings. If there is a problem, the level of responsiveness will help you to determine the severity of the condition.

Level of Consciousness What it Means Call the Vet?
Alert and responsive to owner and outside stimulation - if you call your pet for a treat, he should respond Normal NO
Depressed - response is slow to sight or touch stimulation - the pet may be sleepy or reluctant to move Common to many illnesses YES, the next day if the condition doesn't resolve with first aid
Disoriented - the pet bumps into objects, stares blindly, walks with an unsteady gait or in circles, and/or falls over to one side Possibly neurologic or inner ear involvement YES, same day
Stupor - can be aroused only by deep pain stimulation (ie: pinched toes) Neurologic or metabolic problem - serious YES, immediately
Comatose (unable to wake) or having seizures Emergency! Severe neurologic damage or disruption from injury, disease, or toxin YES, immediately