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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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Chinook

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Chinook Facts

  • Group
  • Working
  • Affiliations
  • AKC, UKC
  • Height
  • 21" - 27"
  • Weight
  • 50-90 lbs.
  • Lifespan
  • 12 years | Add yours

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  • Exercise Requirement
  • Moderate - This breed enjoys typical daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • Average Training Time
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Moderate
  • Colors
    • Fawn
    • Tan
     
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Ok outdoors
    • Should sleep indoors
 

True Cost Of Ownership

Alternate Names

none known

Origin

The Chinook originated on a farm in Wanalancet, New Hampshire, U.S.A.

Date Of Origin

This breed was created in 1917.

History

The Chinook was created by crossing Canadian Eskimo dogs with smooth coated St. Bernards and Belgian Shepherds, Aurthur Walden, an American breeder, developed a breed with immense pulling power. The Chinook, named after Walters favorite dog, is extremely rare. Chinook is also the Inuit word for warm winter winds. In 1927 Arthur Walden, along with 16 of his male Chinooks, went with Admiral Richard Byrd?s first expedition to Antarctica. The Chinook dogs were used to haul the expedition freighting sleds. In 1941, Perry Greene and his team of Chinooks made a 502 mile journey in 90 hours, the longest sled dog trek made within the US at that the time. In 1981, only 28 Chinooks remained, and only 11 of these were used in breeding.

Description

The Chinook is a medium to large size, powerful dog that is longer than it is tall. It has a broad skull, a tapered muzzle; brown, almond shaped eyes; and ears that can be prick, drop or semi-prick. It has a sabrelike tail and well furred, webbed feet. There is a dense double coat.

Temperament

The Chinook is a loyal, hard working, and versatile dog. It is friendly and calm, reserved but not aggressive with strangers. It is intelligent, alert, and trainable but matures slowly. It gets along with children and other animals.

Uses

This breed is a perfect sled dog. They were bred to have the strength of the larger weight pulling dogs, and the speed of the smaller racing sled dogs. Today they are used as a companion as well as a hauler.

Health Concerns

Cataracts, cryptorchidism, dysplasia, seizures, shyness, skin problems.

Additional Information

The Chinook requires twice weekly brushing to keep a healthy coat and to keep excessive shedding at bay.

Show Sources & Contributors +

Sources

The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

The New Encyclopedia of the Dog

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2000

Website: http://www.dk.com

Author: Bruce Fogle

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