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208 Breeds, 422 Health Conditions  |  Find a Vet

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Carolina Dog

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Carolina Dog Facts

  • Group
  • Other Breed Classes
  • Affiliations
  • UKC, ARBA
  • Height
  • 18" - 20"
  • Weight
  • 30-44 lbs.
  • Lifespan
  • 12 years | Add yours

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  • Exercise Requirement
  • High - This breed requires vigorous daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • A Quick Learner
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Easy
  • Colors
    • Black / Tan
    • Cream
    • Red
     
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Adapted to city living
    • Should sleep indoors
 

True Cost Of Ownership

Alternate Names

North American native dog, American Dingo, dixie dingo, Indiana's dog

Origin

The Carolina dog originated in the United States of America.

Date Of Origin

It is believed by many that this breed is a descendant of the Pariah dogs that arrived here 8,000 years ago. At this point, we are uncertain when this distinct breed developed.

History

The Carolina dog was discovered and named by Dr. I. Lehr Brisbin, a biology professor at the University of Georgia, at the United States Department of Energy's Savannah River site in South Carolina. This is a remote area from which the public has been excluded, and wild dogs that have lived there for centuries have had little opportunity to breed with domestic dogs. Brisbin noticed that these dogs were almost identical in looks to the dingo. Other scientists observed that the Carolina's bone structure was very similar to the remains of neolithic dog bones from Native American burial sites thousands of years old. The preliminary DNA testing may provide a link between primitive dogs and Carolina Dogs. Brisbin stated, "We grabbed them out of the woods based on what they look like, and if they were just dogs their DNA patterns should be well distributed throughout the canine family tree. But they aren't. They're all at the base of the tree, where you would find very primitive dogs".

Description

The Carolina dog is a medium size, sturdy dog with a strong, broad skull and foxy looks. The ears are large and naturally erect, the almond shaped eyes are brown, and both the nose and lips are black. The brush tail if of medium length and hooked. Its forefeet may turn out and it has a deep chest. There is a short, profuse coat that is reddish in color, from cream with red hairs to a dingo like red. It is occasionally black and tan.

Temperament

The Carolina dog is a loyal, pack oriented dog. It is devoted and affectionate with its family but wary with strangers. It is protective but will not bite unprovoked. Without socialization, it is often shy. It rarely roams.

Uses

These dogs have lived feral for thousands of years. In the 1970 and 80's some Carolina dogs were bred in captivity and raised as companion dogs. They did surprisingly well and have been used as a companion ever since. The majority of these dogs still live in remote areas of South Carolina and Georgia.

Health Concerns

none known

Additional Information

This breed is adaptable to most living situations as long as it is well socialized and receives adequate exercise. This dog also requires positive gentle training.

Show Sources & Contributors +

Sources

The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

The New Encyclopedia of the Dog

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2000

Website: http://www.dk.com

Author: Bruce Fogle

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