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Border Collie

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Border Collie Facts

  • Group
  • Herding
  • Affiliations
  • AKC, UKC
  • Height
  • 18" - 22" (45.7 - 55.9cm)
  • Weight
  • 30 - 50lbs (13.6 - 22.7kg)
  • Lifespan
  • 14 years | Add yours

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  • Exercise Requirement
  • High - This breed requires vigorous daily activity
  • Training Requirement
  • A Quick Learner
  • Grooming Requirement
  • Moderate
  • Colors
    • Various Colors
     
  • Breed Characteristics
    • Good with children
    • Should sleep indoors
 

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Alternate Names

The Border Collie was once known as the Scottish sheep dog.

Origin

The Border Collie was developed in the country between Scotland and England.

Date Of Origin

The Border Collie originated in the mid 1800's.

History

Developed in the region between Scotland and England, the Border Collie was an invaluable tool to shepherds, allowing them to maintain large flocks of sheep. Shepherds wanted specific herding characteristics, and isolated individual dogs exhibiting those traits for selective breeding. The modern Border Collie breed was established in the mid 1800's. Queen Victoria was an active enthusiast of the Border Collie breed during the second half of the 19th century.

The Border Collie is specifically known for it's "eye", an almost hypnotic stare, when herding stock. Other specific traits include intelligence, speed, strength and an innate herding instinct. The Border Collie sets the standard in herding, particularly on sheep. This breed was historically bred for working ability rather than type.

The Border Collie is recognized worldwide today as one of the best sheep herding breeds in existence. They continue to be used as a herding dog and companion in Great Britain and North America and has gained popularity in canine sports such as agility.

The Border Collie didn't officially receive it's name until 1915.

Description

The Border collie is a medium-size, lithe and muscular dog that is longer than it is tall. It has a broad skull and long tapered muzzle. The ears are erect or semi-erect and the eyes are brown or blue or partially blue and merles. The rough or smooth double coat is usually black with a white blaze and ruff, although it can be any color except all white. The tail is naturally long and low set.

Temperament

The Border Collie is an energetic, intelligent, and responsive dog. It is affectionate with friends and family but reserved with strangers. Although the border collie is friendly with children and other dogs, it may try to heard them and can be compulsive. This breed is hard working and has a great ability to learn. It will chase livestock, cats, and other fast moving animals.

The Border Collie is a high-drive, highly energetic breed that requires extensive exercise that will extend far beyond daily walks. Border Collies require a job to be satisfied and plenty of room to run. Agility, obedience or trick training, or other sorts of job-type activities will be required on a daily basis. This breed will generally not wait patiently for a task to be assigned.

Border Collies from working lines have a strong predatory instinct, which is channeled through breeding and training to create a superb herding ability. However, without constant stimulation and exercise, the Border Collie will work to vent it's energies in destructive ways.

Training a Border Collie can be a challenge, due to their ability to think for themselves. Training should be challenging and rewarding, while also remaining progressively more difficult. The Border Collie can work well with other dogs when well socialized and trained as a puppy. Interactions with small pets should be supervised.

They should be neither nervous nor aggressive, but keen and responsive.

Uses

The Border Collie is a hardy, agile, untiring sheepdog, capable of mastering any type of herd. While primarily bred for working ability, the Border Collie can make a good companion in a highly active family living in a large suburban or rural area.

Health Concerns

Possible health concerns for the Border Collie include osteochondritis dessicans (OCD), and PRA

Additional Information

The Border Collie is the world's premier sheep herder, prized for its intelligence, extraordinary instinct, and working ability. It is said that the border collie has an eye that can hypnotize cattle.

Grooming the Border Collie is easy and requires twice weekly brushing. During the heavy shedding seasons of spring and fall however, the Border Collie may require daily brushing.

Show Sources & Contributors +

Sources

The Howell Book Of Dogs

Publisher: Wiley Publishing Inc, 2007

Website: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/

Author: Liz Palika

Dog Bible

Publisher: BowTie Press, 2005

Website: http://www.bowtiepress.com/bowtie/

Authors: Kristin Meuh-Roe, Jarelle S. Stein

Simon & Schusters Guide to Dogs

Publisher: Simon & Schuster inc, 1980

Website: http://www.simonandschuster.com

Author: Elizabeth Meriwether Schuler

The New Encyclopedia of the Dog

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2000

Website: http://www.dk.com

Author: Bruce Fogle

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